Food Additives to Look Out For

 


KEY:  Red - Not vegan; Grey - Possibly of animal origin

 

E-Number

Additive Name

120

Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines Natural Red 4 - Colouring

153

Carbon Black - Colouring

Likely derived from various parts of animals unless otherwise described as Vegetable Carbons.

161g

Canthaxanthin (Natural Orange Colour Xanthophylls) - Colouring.

Canthaxanthin is usually derived from plant material, but it can sometimes be made from fish and invertebrates with hard shells.

252

Potassium Nitrate (Saltpetre) - Preservative

Saltpetre is usually assumed to be of natural origins but it can be artificially manufactured from waste animal matter.

270

Lactic Acid - Antioxidant

Can be obtained from whey (from milk)

322

Lecithins - Emulsifier and Stabilizer

Some Lecithin contains egg yolks. Other sources of Lecithin are soy. Lecithin can also be directly obtained from animal fat. Check with manufacturer.

325

Sodium Lactate - Antioxidant

Sodium Lactate is the salt of Lactic Acid. (see E270 above)

326

Potassium Lactate - Antioxidant / Acidity Regulator

Another type of salt derived from Lactic Acid. (see E270 above)

327

Calcium Lactate - Antioxidant

Another type of salt derived from Lactic Acid. (see E270 above)

422

Glycerol (Humectant, Solvent, Sweet Glycerin) - Sweetener

Mostly from animal fats, unless otherwise stated.

430-436

Polyoxyethylene - Emulsifiers / Stabilisers

E430 Polyoxyethylene (8) stearate (Emulsifier / Stabiliser)
E431 Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate (Emulsifier)
E432 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20 Emulsifier)
E433 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80 Emulsifier)
E434 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40 Emulsifier)
E435 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60 Emulsifier)
E436 Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65 Emulsifier)

Not likely of animal origin as these additivies are normally derived from various types of fruit. But it's worth checking with manufacturers the exact origins of the ingredients.

441

Gelatine - Emulsifier / Gelling Agent

Gelatine is derived from animal skin and hoofs. It can be found in many kinds of confectionery, jellies and other sweets.

442

Ammonium phosphatides - Emulsifier

Can sometimes be made using Glycerol (see 422 above).

469

Sodium caseinate - Emulsifier/Stabiliser

Derived from milk

470a

Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids - Emulsifier / Anti-caking Agent

Derived from fatty acids, may originate from animal sources.

470b

Magnesium Stearate - Emulsifier / Anti-caking Agent

Derived from fatty acids, may originate from animal sources.

471

Mono- and Diglycerides of fatty acids (glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl distearate) - Emulsifier

May contain animal fats.

472a-f

E472 A to F are emulsifiers related to the mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids family:

E472a Acetic acid esters
E472b Lactic acid esters
E472c Citric acid esters
E472d Tartaric acid esters
E472e Mono- and diacetyl tartaric acid esters
E472f Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters

Because the E472 family is derived from Glycerine (Glycerol) (see E422 above), they may contain animal fats.

473

Sucrose esters of fatty acids - Emulsifier

May be derived from animals.

474

Sucroglyceride - Emulsifier

May be derived from animals.

475

Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids - Emulsifier

May be derived from animals.

476

Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate - Emulsifier

May contain animal fats.

477

Propane-1, 2-diol esters of fatty acids, propylene glycol esters of fatty acids - Emulsifier

May contain animal fats.

478

Lactylated fatty acid esters of glycerol and propane-1 - Emulsifier

May contain animal fats.

479b

Thermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids - Emulsifier

May contain animal fats.

481

Sodium Stearoyl-2-lactylate - Emulsifier

Can be obtained from whey and may contain animal fats.

482

Calcium Stearoyl-2-lactylate - Emulsifier

Can be obtained from whey and may contain animal fats.

483

Stearyl tartrate - Emulsifier

 May contain animal fats.

491

Sorbitan monostearate - Emulsifier and Stabilizer

From stearic acid and is used in dried yeast. Stearic acid is found in both vegetable and animal fats, but commercial production is usually synthetic. Check with manufacturer. See also 570

492

Sorbitan Tristearate - Emulsifier

See 491

493

Sorbitan Monolaurate - Emulsifier

See 491

494

Sorbitan Monooleate - Emulsifier

See 491

495

Sorbitan Monopalmitate - Emulsifier

See 491

542

Bone phosphate - Anti-caking agent

570

Stearic Acid Fatty Acid - Anti-caking agent

Stearic acid is found in vegetable and animal fats, but commercial production is usually synthetic. Often used in dried yeast.

572

Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate - Emulsifier and Anti-caking agent

See 570

585

Ferrous lactate - Colouring

May be derived from animal source such as whey. (see 270)

627

Disodium guanylate - Flavour enhancer

Almost always made from fish

630

Inosinic acid - Flavour enhancer

Almost always made from animals and fish

631

Disodium inosinate - Flavour enhancer

Almost always made from animals and fish

635

Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides - Flavour enhancer

Often made from animals

640

Glycine and its sodium salt - Flavour enhancer

Can sometimes be prepared from gelatine, but can be made synthetically.

901

Beeswax - white and yellow - Glazing Agent

904

Shellac - Glazing Agent

From a resin secreted by an insect called the lac beetle.

910

L-cysteine - Improving agent

Produced commercially from animal and human hair (and feathers). L-cysteine is used as an additive in around 5% of bread and other bakery products. It is not used in wholemeal bread or other wholemeal bakery products.

913

Lanolin

Wax from sheep excreted by the skin of sheep and extracted from the wool.

920

L-cysteine hydrochloride - Improving agent

Produced from L-cysteine (see 910 above).

921

L-cysteine hydrochloride monohydrate - Improving agent

Produced from L-cystine (see 910 above).

966

Lactitol - Sweetener

Derived from Lactose, commercially prepared using whey.

1105

Lysozyme - Enzyme

From eggs.


 

 

Further information can be found on the following websites:

http://www.veggieglobal.com/nutrition/non-vegetarian-food-additives.htm

http://www.vegsoc.org/page.aspx?pid=727